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Biodegradable Plastics

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Biodegration is “the gradual breakdown of plastics and matter by living organisms such as bacteria, fungi, and yeasts. Most of the commonly used plastics are essentially not biodegradable, exhibiting limited susceptibility to assimilation by micro- organisms. An exception is polycaprolactam. However, the growing emphasis on environmental aspects of discarded plastics has stimulated research in ways of attaining biodegradability after a predetermined time period. One method is to add a UV- light sensitizer that causes photodegradation after a period of exposure to light, followed by breakup after prolonged exposure to the elements, after which bacteria will finish the job. A third method is the deliberate incorporation of weal links in the polymer chain, temporarily protected by a degradable stabilizer.”
Source: "Biodegradation." Encyclopedic Dictionary of Polymers. Ed. Jan W. Gooch. New York: Springer, 2007. 109. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 22 June 2011. 

Biodegradable plastics

from Gale Virtual Reference Library *
Banks, Catherine H. "Disposable Diapers." Chemistry: Foundations and Applications. Ed. J. J. Lagowski. 
Vol. 2. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2004. 17-20. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 22 June 2011.
“Biodegration”.  Encyclopedic Dictionary of Polymers. Ed. Jan W. Gooch. New York: Springer, 2007. p109.
Cann, Michael C. "Green Chemistry." Chemistry: Foundations and Applications. Ed. J. J. Lagowski. Vol. 2. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2004. 178-182. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 22 June 2011.
Patel, Martin, and Nitin Mutha. "Plastics Production and Energy." Encyclopedia of Energy. Ed. Cutler J. Cleveland. Vol. 5. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2004. 81-91. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 22 June 2011.

Compton's by Britannica.  Vol. 19. Chicago : Encyclopedia Britannica, 2007.  448-453.  
>>  032 C738 2007 v. 19  Reference
Illustrated Encyclopedia of Science and Nature : Matter and Chemistry II. Vol. 8. [S.l.] : Educational Technologies Limited., 2004. 44-45.  
>> 503 I29 2004 v. 8 Reference and Non Fiction
Knapp, Brian. Plastics : Making Use of the Secrets of Matter. Danbury, CT: Grolier, 2003. 
>> 668.4 K67 2003 Non-Fiction
Tesar, Jenny. The Waste Crisis. New York: Facts on File, 1991.  
>> TD792 T47 1991 Non-Fiction
The New Book of Knowledge. Vol. 15. Danbury, Connecticut : Scholastic Library Pub. 2004. 322-328.  
>> 031 N532 2004 v.15 Reference
Vert, M. (Michel). Biodegradable Polymers and Plastics. Cambridge [England] : Royal Society of Chemistry , c1992.
>>   QP801.P64 B54 General Circulation
Griffin, G. J. L.  Chemistry and Technology of Biodegradable Polymers. London : Blackie , 1994
>> QP801.P64 C48  General Circulation
Fakirov, Stoiko. Handbook of Thermoplastic Polyesters : Homopolymers, Copolymers, Blends, and Composites. Weinheim : Wiley-Vch, 2002.
>> TP1180 .P6 H36 v.2 and TP1180 .P6 H36 v.1 - General Reference

Academic Source Complete (EBSCOHOST)*
Click the EBSCOHOST Database, select Academic Source Complete and start searching.  
Includes full-text articles and citations from journals such as:  
Journal of Materials Science, Journal of Reinforced Plastics & Composites, Nature Chemistry, Journal of Polymer Research, Journal of Cleaner Production, Waste Management, etc.
ACS Publications--Journal Search *
Click the EBSCOHOST Database, select ACS Publications--Journal and start searching. The American Chemical Society contains full text chemistry journals and magazines of topic like biodegradable plastics. 
GreenFILE *
Click the EBSCOHOST Database, select GreenFILE and start searching. It includes full-text articles and citations from various topics like biodegradable plastics, renewable energy, recycling, and more.  
Includes full-text articles and citations from scholarly journals.
Anderson, B. C., L. R. Bartron and J. W. Collette. “Trends in Polymer Development”. Science, New Series.  208. 4446 (May 23, 1980) : 807-812. 
Gross, Richard A. and Bhanu Kalra. “Biodegradable Polymers for the Environment”. Science, New Series. 297. 5582 (Aug. 2, 2002) : 803-807. 
Luzier, William D. “Materials Derived from Biomass/Biodegradable Materials”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 89. 3 (Feb. 1, 1992) : 839- 842. 
Palmisano, Anna C.  and Charles A. Pettigrew. “Biodegradability of Plastics”. BioScience. 42. 9 (Oct., 1992) :680-685. 

Scientific American
E:the Environment Magazine
Discovery Channel Magazine
Vertical Files
Topics on: Refuse and refuse disposal, Waste management
Online (Open Access)  
Izaguirre, A.,  J. Lanas and J. I. Álvarez. “Effect of a Biodegradable Natural Polymer on the Properties of Hardened Lime-Based Mortars”. Materiales de Construccion. 61.302 (2011) : 257-274.
Timofiychuk, O.A…[et al.]. “Decomposition of Biodegradable Films Developed on the Basis of Polyvinyl Alcohol in the Natural Environment”. Facta Universitatis - series : Physics, Chemistry and Technology. 7.1 (2009) : 61-67.

CIPPA (Local Periodicals Index) * :

NOTE: * On- campus access

Last Updated on Wednesday, 29 June 2011 09:55

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